Rhode Island, South/Southern RI, Burrillville, Central Falls, 02807, 02882, 02808, 02809, 02912,

Fireside
Formerly Wakefield Stove
JohnDebar@gmail.com

Fireside Online Located at
52 Main St, Wakefield, RI.
Phone: 401- 783-6054 Email: johndebar@gmail.com
  • Fireside Stove Shoppe

BEFORE
SHOPPING


-- VISIT --

Library
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Amazing!
The flash combustion of smoke!

Wood Heating Performance Tips -
Low Emission, Flash Combustion Stoves & Inserts

1- Insuring great performance requires more than obtaining a flash combustion stove. It also requires understanding a new definition of seasoned wood. Freshly cut 'green' wood must be dried for two years, split & covered. Commercially seasoned wood refers to green wood that has been seasoning just for a year.

All seasoned wood delivered in the fall will need another 'spring to fall' period to get the last pound or two of water from every log. Just one pound of water is a pint. Loading eight logs adds a gallon of water to the fire.

Here's the problem wood dealers often face. Wood cut and split in the spring, sits there over the summer, and then loaded and delivered to you- job done. If they had to deliver it to their own property to fully season an added summer, it requires a storage location, and double the travel and labor to again load and deliver.

Doubling the work would be prohibitive for the wood dealer to remain competitive. This 'seasoned' wood was not a big problem with old generation stoves, as these never had the potential to burn smoke. Most wood dealers do not understand flash combustion stoves, and thus unaware of the need for fully seasoned wood. Thus when they say it is seasoned enough, they say so not knowing you own a flash combustion stove.

If you're burning 'seasoned' wood you just purchased, NEVER operate the air intake control to the low extreme. This is because all recently obtained 'seasoned' wood is only partially seasoned. Instead, pull the control back out an inch or so. This extra air leads to adequate heat to burn smoke. Unburned smoke is wasted fuel that dirties the chimney & lowers the burn duration. Adequate air intake also provides cleaner glass, reduces back-puffing, and saves a lot of work and wood cost.

On cold days & with partially seasoned wood, better to fill the stove full instead of just 1-2 logs. Turn to the high air intake high setting for a few minutes so the full load is fully engulfed, before banking down the fire. The half load of wood remaining after a 3-5 hours is now fully dried out, so at least half of your wood is in an efficient clean burning mode. If just loading a few logs, you lose this benefit. With a truly airtight stove, filling full with wood doesn't cause much of a spike in heat, just a longer clean, and efficient burn.


2- Wood can't be too dry. Manufacturers of fragile cast iron stoves often state this false claim. It is in desperation to keep the furnace cement seams and cast iron from cracking, to keep sales up, and creates a loop hole to avoid warranty service. Even though very dry wood heats more area and faster, it's especially important to increase the likelihood smoke will burn on the lower setting. Fully seasoned wood triggers a host of benefits, such as much longer and more efficient burn cycles, and thus '24/7' temp stability, keeping the furnace off hours prior to waking up. To this, add a 'stay clean' chimney, clean glass, much less wood cost and work, and a clean burn to the extent of being carbon neutral. Add all these benefits, and see why it is a no-brainer to buy 'seasoned' wood long in advance of burning it. It costs a bit less buying in the spring rather than the fall.


3- If smoking occurs from the stove, factors are at play weakening the chimneys ability to draft properly, mostly when starting. To initialize the draft, Ignite a single sheet of newspaper, without folding it tight. Unfolded, it will flare up quickly and go out in seconds. Repeat if necessary. This will lessen the cold heavy air in chimney, and get the smoke moving up and out faster. Try this with a window cracked open if smoking persists. Once the flue pathway is hot, shut the window. Note that home air leaving via the chimney, with the door open, is about 50 cubic feet /minute. This air going up the chimney needs to be supplied back into the home! Overly air tight homes fail in allowing enough volume of air back into the home to feed applicances that vent. New homes are now required, by code, to have an opening to supply the homes numerous vents, called 'make up air'. New homes may have outside air piped directly to the furnace air intake, but it is necessary for tight homes to have another air intake feeding other vents using home air. Those cold drafts serve a function, and obsession with blocking them harmful. Without outside air intake, make up air for other venting appliances can be pulled in via the wood burning chimney, pulling in smoke. Starting a fire in a chimney that is cold from periodically being used for cold make up air is especially challenging. Smoking gets worse when all of the other appliances, listed below, are exhausting at the same time. (Anything exhausting is consuming home air, which must be replaced by outside air, such as the furnace, dryer, kitchen and bath vents, and some roof/attic ridge vents. If smoking is lessened by supplying make-up air from a window, then do so, or perhaps just initially when the chimney draft is weak whenever cold starting.


4- Fast initial heat is needed. During the initial half hour of starting a cold stove, the stove mass is absorbing much of the heat. For this period, keep the draft control open at least halfway to quickly obtain the heat needed for better fuel economy and to increase drafting for smoke control.


5- Do not turn on the blower/fan unless you are burning the stove hot. Circulating air around the stove when on a low setting cools it below the threshold it needs to burn smoke. If it teeters on this temperature threshold, smoke comes in and out of burning, and blows out as it suddenly combusts.


6- On days over 50 degrees, and when outside & inside temperatures are similar, chimneys perform poorly. The smoke being generated is more than the chimney will pull up. It is on these 'not so cold' days that added attention to the above tips is recommended, especially #3, 'initializing the draft'.


7- If still smoking, given you've followed the above recommendations, verify the stove pipe is clear and not restricted with a build-up of soot. To do so, simply tap the pipe firmly and listen for falling creosote. Also, check for a creosote plugged chimney cap. If the pipe and chimney cap mesh is clear of creosote, adding height to a metal chimney, or a chimney liner to a masonry chimney, will reduce smoke issues.


8- When wood burns down quickly, sometimes the firebox is half full of coals. These bulky coals take up much of the space for new logs. Coals can be reduced by pulling the draft control out, and pulling as many red coals forward from the back. Every hour or two, pull the coals forward again where they will get more air and reduce faster. Often coals will heat for half a day. When coals are reduced to ash, your ash removal work is three times reduced because most of the volume can be coals.

Remember, burning recently obtained wood is the main cause of all problems, and can double the wood cost and work. Obtain and cover 'seasoned' wood no later than the spring prior to the next heating season.